It is very difficult when you are carrying a baby in your womb at the same time when your blood pressure is also high. Not only will the mother worry with this kind of condition, hence regardless of when the high blood pressure developed either prior or after the pregnancy – it should not be ignored of.
Definitely, high blood pressure poses several risk factors during pregnancy. These include:
- Reduced flowing of the blood to the placenta, which leads to the reduction of oxygen supply in the baby, thus resulting to the abnormal or irregular growth development of the baby as well as a high risk in low birth weight.
- Abruption of the placenta. This condition means that the lining of the placenta has already separated from the mother’s uterus. Hence, such condition is threatening as it deprives the unborn of nutrients and oxygen as well as causing the mother to bleed heavily.
- Delivery can be premature. It is even better to have an early delivery than a feasible threat to the life of the unborn and the mother as well as with potential complications.
- Eventual cardiovascular disease. After the 20 weeks of pregnancy, a serious condition referred as preeclampsia which is characterized by protein in the urine and high blood pressure, can increase risk factor of cardiovascular disease even though the blood pressure can return to normal after giving birth.
Usually, high blood pressure occurs even prior to pregnancy, while in some instances it is present during the pregnancy which may be chronic and gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. Those are the three types of hypertension which can occur during pregnancy.
It is certainly very important to take special and extraordinary precaution with respect to hypertension to pregnant women as it can danger both herself and the unborn baby. That is why treatment and medication is paramount. However, some medications are not safe for the mother during pregnancy. Though some medications can be safe and others should be avoided like rennin inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and ACE inhibitors.